Dragon fruit grows on the Hylocereus cactus, also known as the Honolulu queen, whose flowers only open at night.
Here are the nutrition facts for a serving of 3.5 ounces, or 100 grams:
- Calories: 60
- Protein: 1.2 grams
- Fat: 0 grams
- Carbs: 13 grams
- Fiber: 3 grams
- Vitamin C: 3% of the RDI
- Iron: 4% of the RDI
- Magnesium: 10% of the RDI
Given the high amount of fiber and magnesium; as well as the extremely low-calorie content; dragon fruit can be considered a highly nutrient-dense fruit.
These are some of the main antioxidants contained in dragon fruit pulp.
One study compared the antioxidant properties of 17 tropical fruits and berries.
Dragon fruit contains prebiotic fiber that promotes the growth of beneficial bacteria in your gut — potentially improving metabolic health.
Although this fruit may improve certain features of metabolic syndrome — a condition associated with type 2 diabetes — not all effects may be favorable.
- Pink skin with white flesh. This is the most well-known kind, but it’s the least sweet. It’s sold under names including Alice, Cosmic Charlie, and Guyute.
- Pink skin with red or pink flesh. Bigger and sweeter than its white-fleshed cousin, this variety is sold in stores under names such as Red Jaina and Bloody Mary.
- Pink skin with purple flesh. Look for the name “American Beauty” in stores.
- Yellow skin with white flesh. Yellow dragon fruit is the hardest to find, but it’s also the sweetest.
In a study in mice on a high-fat, high-carb diet; the group that received dragon fruit juice had better blood sugar responses and.
Reductions in some liver enzyme markers while another liver enzyme marker significantly increased.
In another study, rats with diabetes treated with an extract from the fruit had a 35% reduction in malondialdehyde, a marker of free-radical damag
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